Flattr und das schwedische Gesetz



Vor kurzem wurde bei F!XMBR die Frage aufgeworfen, ob man mit der Nutzung von Flattr nicht die NPD. einen Kunden des schwedischen Micropayment-Dienstes, unterstützt. In die Diskussion mischte sich auch Flattr-Chef Peter Sunde ein, der explizit behauptete, sein Unternehmen könne Nazis aufgrund der schwedischen Anti-Diskriminierungs-Gesetze nicht aussschließen. Sunde schrieb weiter, Flattr würde sich sogar strafbar machen, wenn man der NPD kündige, weil es in Schweden verboten sei, jemanden aufgrund seiner politischen Haltung zu diskriminieren.
Eine Anfrage an das schwedische Justzministerium ergab nun: Peter Sunde hat, um es wohlwollend auszudrücken, das am 1. Januar 2009 in Kraft getretene “diskrimineringslagen” nicht gänzlich verstanden.

Sunde schrieb bei F!XMBR:

For legal reasons we are also not allowed to discriminate.

Sunde schrieb weiter:

Yet again; Flattr is obliged under law to not discriminate users.
Also; we are not a German company. We’re a Swedish (and a United Kingdom) company. We do not have the same exceptions in the laws as Germany has regarding certain political groups. On the contrary, we are obliged not to discriminate them.

Und weiter:

The rules of humanity is to follow what you believe in. Actually, right wing extremism IS an opinion until you act on it. There is a difference here. If someone breaks the law, they break it. If they talk about changes they want implemented, it’s not illegal.

I am scared about the way people act towards other people. From both sides of this conflict. It’s not just to hate someone because they hate someone else. I do not believe in «eye for an eye».

Yet again — we are not legally able to censor someone from using our service — but we wouldn’t want to do it neither since we believe in freedom of speech. If it turns into act and not speech it’s something different.

Das schwedische Justizministerium hatte die Anfrage, ob Sundes Behauptungen zutreffend sind, an das Ministerium für Integration und Gleichstellung weitergeleitet. Hier die Antwort:

Dear Elke Wittich,

As a response to the question raised in your e-mail the Ministry of Integration and Gender
Equality can give you the following brief information.

On January 1, 2009 a new Discrimination Act ( Swedish Code of Statutes 2008:567) entered into force in Sweden.
The purpose of the Discrimination Act is to counteract discrimination and by other means to promote equality of
rights and opportunities regardless of gender, transsexual identity or expression, ethnic origin, religion or other
belief, disability, sexual orientation or age.

The words “religion” and “belief” are judged to be closely interconnected in that belief can refer to a
conviction closely connected or commonly associated with the concept of religion. Convictions such as
Buddhism, atheism and agnosticism are examples of what is included.
On the other hand, ethical or philosophical values unconnected with religion are not included,
nor are political convictions (The Government Bill 2002/03:65, pp. 81-83).

In short, political convictions are not included in the Discrimination Act as a ground of discrimination.

Kind Regards,
Cafer Uzunel
Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality


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